Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts

Bachelor of Arts in Conservation, Restoration of Cultural Property and Sacred Art

Hybrid

Mission

Considering the richness and the diversity of the Lebanese cultural and artistic heritage in general, and the religious cultural legacy in particular, the Bachelor of Arts in Conservation, Restoration of Cultural Property and Sacred Art has been created in order to meet the specific and urgent needs to preserve and restore this national heritage. The curriculum provides all the theoretical and practical knowledge related to the preservation, protection, and documentation of painted artworks on fabrics and wooden support.

Program Educational Objectives

1. Graduates...
will be able to analyze the historical, artistic and scientific values of an artwork, and propose a restoration/preservation study.
2. Graduates will possess the ability to complete a restoration or conservation project on any artwork made on fabric or a wooden support.
3. Graduates will be capable of understanding the value of sacred art items, and will contribute to the preservation of the national cultural goods.

Program Outcomes

a. Preparing a conservation study which includes the description of the item, the method that will be followed, materials that will be used, and intervention proposals and measures.
b. Acquiring basic knowledge in restoring and conserving an artifact and developing technical, artistic and scientific abilities and methodology to safely execute the proposals of a preservation study.
c. Applying directly and effectively the scientific, technological and artistic knowledge and skills on an artwork made on fabric or a wooden support.
d. Explaining the techniques, media and iconography of any sacred art item using the appropriate vocabulary.
104 credits
General Education
Behavioral and Social Sciences
3 credits
Civic Engagement
2 credits
English Communication
3 credits
DAA241General History of Art
3 credits    |    Pre-requisite: LFR120
The objective of the course is to give students an understanding of the chronological order of events that constitute the history of art. They will use the methodological tools of the discipline, to learn how to situate, compare and understand the relationships between them through a study of their stylistic characteristics and their socio­-historical context.
History of Lebanon
3 credits
ARS216Introduction to Artistic Expressions
3 credits
The objective of this course is to give the student the opportunity to make a personal work of exploration and plastic experimentation. The student will use the techniques of watercolor, pastel, and oil painting to create new plastic compositions according to the themes proposed by the teacher.
Quantitative Reasoning
3 credits
Religious Sciences
3 credits
Science and Health
6 credits
Sports
1 credits
Common Core
CRCS210Applied Physics for the Cultural Heritage
3 credits
PART I: elements of physics
Atomic physics, physical properties of materials, electromagnetic spectrum (infrared, ultraviolet and x-rays), particles as probe in diagnostic, radiation-matter interaction. Raman effect, radioactive decay
PART II: diagnostic techniques
Optical spectroscopy (Raman, Ir and UV), thermography, electron microscopy and microanalysis, X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), traditional radiography and tomography (TAC), X-ray diffraction, ion beam
techniques (outlines), colorimetry, dating methods based on radioactivity.
PART III: Laboratory experiments.
Portable XRF (demonstrative); Electron microscopy and microanalysis (demonstrative); IR spectroscopy (demonstrative); Measure of gas emission spectra using a spectrophotometer; Subtractive and additive color; colorimeter (demonstrative); Digital Radiography;
CRCS410Chemistry for the Cultural Heritage
3 credits
Degradation and decay of historical and artistic artifacts.
The degradation causes. Environmental and anthropic factors. Role of atmospheric pollutants. The chemical and physical mechanisms of degradation.
Degradation of the materials
Ageing of organic materials. The mechanism of oxidation and promoting agents. Decay of binders and of pictorial varnishes. Degradation of cellulosic and protein materials, and analogous: wood, paper, textiles.
The degradation of stone materials, naturals and artificial. Mural paintings.
The degradation of metals: corrosion processes in particular cases of artistic interest.
Methodology of restoration interventions.
Cleaning, consolidation, protection.
Solvents and solutions. Reactive solvents. Vapor pressure, boiling point, viscosity. Retention.
Organic solvents: structure, polarities, solvent power. Solubility parameter and Teas triangle.
Toxicity and risks management.
Aqueous methods: surface tension and wettability; surfactants: structures and characteristics.
Emulsions: o/w and w/o. Resin soaps.
Thickening agents: gels, solvent gels. Poultices. Chelating agents: structures, reactions and applications.
Enzymes in conservation: structure, types, mechanism of action.
Consolidation. Organic and inorganic products. Surface and bulk consolidation.
Evaluation criteria: compatibility of materials, reversibility, efficacy.
Traditional inorganic consolidants.
Organic consolidants.
The structure of polymer compounds: definitions, nomenclature, classifications. Examples of chemical structures and of architectures. Molecule weights and averages.
Silicon based products.
Polymers for consolidation and for protection.
Regulations and standard protocols for interventions on cultural assets.
ARCH310History and Culture of Architecture I
3 credits    |    Pre-requisite: DAA241 Or ARI241 Or DAA208
The course introduces students to concepts of architectural theory, from antiquity to the Renaissance, in a historical, chronological order and emphasizes the movements, structural system, composition values and cultural aspects of each period through the works that mostly shaped it.
AGP223Intermediate Computer Graphics
3 credits
This course teaches students how to use Adobe Photoshop to perform many different image processing techniques. Students will learn how to use several tools for selecting parts of images, and applying several filters and effects in order to create professional looking illustrations compatible with market requirements.
ITL215Italian I
3 credits
ARCH210Technical Drawing
3 credits
The course teaches students how to produce graphic documents, while being compatible with up-to-date techniques and international norms, so they can improve their representation of an architectural object in 3D.
CRCS205Theory & Techniques of Restoration I
3 credits
Study, analysis and actualization of the works of C. Brandi, Theory of restoration, Rome 1963: definition of "restoration", the subject-matter of the artwork, the potential unit, time, historical value and aesthetic value, preventive restoration, falsification. Comparison with the theory of restoration of G. Urbani. . History of restoration from the origins to the 18th century: remake, repaint, integration, transfer of frescoes to canvas, revolutionary vandalism, requisitions and refunds.
CRCS405Theory & Techniques of Restoration II
3 credits
The first part of the course will focus on the following topics:
- Definition, methods and areas of museology;
- History, identity and aims of the museum from the studio and the Wunderkammer to the XIXth models and the different kinds of the contemporary museum;
- Legislation, standards and professions.
In aim of pointing out the relation between museums and the restoration culture, the second part will describe some paradigmatic cases of this interaction within the local context during the XIXth and the XXth Centuries.
Specialization
CRCS275Artwork Lab II + Internship
4 credits
Phenomena of alteration and deterioration of wooden objects: Analysis of the causes and phenomenology of degradation. Methods and materials of treatments for preservation and restoration (disinfection, consolidation, sanitation support) - Plotting and documentation of objects - Prevention and Safety in restoration and construction laboratories - Resilient pack and structures - Integration of missing elements and mouldings.
CRCS375Artwork Lab IV + Internship
4 credits
The phenomenology of degradation and treatment methodologies of the textile support: rheological performance of constituent materials. Analysis of the causes and phenomenology of the degradation of the support, preparatory layers and illustrations - History of techniques and traditional methods of restoration - Illustration of case studies - Velinatura, pre-consolidation technique, consolidation and joining layers - Improvement of the surface by lowering the cracks, treatment of acidification and cleaning of repaired textiles. Structural reorganization of layers: rheological performance of constituent materials. History of traditional techniques and methods for the structural recovery of paints - Illustration of case studies - Innovative technologies applied to textiles - lining and insertion of lining pads - lining with synthetic products - tension systems - illustration of case studies.
CRCS475Artwork Lab VI+ Internship
4 credits
Artworks: structural improvements of the layers
Rheological performance of constituent materials. History of traditional techniques and methods for the structural recovery of paintings. Illustration of case studies - Techniques of total and partial lining, insertions, compensation - innovative technologies applied to textiles - lining and insertion of lining pads; - lining with synthetic products - tension systems - illustration of case studies.
Techniques for cleaning polychrome artworks: : cleaning the surfaces and elimination of overlapped substances - Materials and methods: acidic medium and water base, thickeners, buffer solutions, organic solvents, solvents gels, emulsions, pregelatinized resin soaps - Emulsions, thickening agents. Illustration of case studies - Exercises and laboratory tests to identify cleaning products and methods.
CRCS370Artwork Lab III
4 credits
Phenomena of alteration and deterioration of wooden objects: Analysis of the causes and phenomenology of degradation. Methods and materials of treatments for conservation and restoration (disinfection, consolidation, sanitation support) - Plotting and documentation of objects - Prevention and safety in restoration laboratories and in construction sites - Parchettatura and elastic restraint structures - integration of missing elements and mouldings.
CRCS470Artwork Lab V
4 credits
Artworks: structural improvements of layers - Rheological performance of constitutive materials. History of traditional techniques and methods for the structural recovery of paintings. Illustration of case studies - Techniques of total and partial lining, insertions, compensation - innovative technologies applied to textiles - lining and insertion of lining pads - lining with synthetic products - tension systems - illustration of case studies. Techniques for cleaning polychrome artworks: cleaning the surfaces and elimination of overlapped substances - Materials and methods: acidic medium and water base, thickeners, buffer solutions, organic solvents, solvents gels, emulsions, pregelatinized resin soaps - Emulsions, thickening agents. Illustration of case studies - Exercises and laboratory tests aiming to identify cleaning products and methods.
CRCS305Christian & Medieval Archeology
3 credits
This course provides information on the essential basis of Christian and medieval archeology, either from a historical point of view of this discipline or from a methodological point of view, presenting the development of research themes, results and methodological problems, including the reading of some archaeological contexts.
CRCS270Conservation & Restoration Lab I
4 credits
This course is a part of the applied lessons and practical work in conservation and restoration. Lessons Applied: Book Script Terminology - Book Archeology - Copper and Parchment: Origin and Manufacture - Identification of Animal Species and Skin Recognition - Factor Degradation - Card Format and File Creation - Technique Photography and images for the restoration and conservation of cultural property Practical activities: sewing test - realization of the primary and secondary capital - proof of beveling in copper and parchment - proof of beveling and restoration - execution of a modern ligature.
CRCS490Final Project
3 credits
ARS243Geographical History of the Syro-Antiochian World
2 credits
Study of the various historical cities in the region of Antioch, and their artistic and religious heritage. Courses and research.
ARS240History of the Christian Iconography
3 credits
Introduction to the history of Christian iconography throughout the centuries, according to the various iconographic movements.
ARS201Iconography I
3 credits
Introduction to the Byzantine traditional technique: preparing the plank, transferring the drawing, and applying the colors.
GCH310Organic Chemistry
3 credits
ARS357Theology & Icon Interpretation
3 credits
Theological, artistic and symbolical interpretation of the main types and subjects in iconography.
Electives
CRCS450Applied Microbiology for the Cultural Heritage
3 credits
The following items will be developed and investigated through the analyses of some cases selected on the basis of the main types of artistic artifacts.
- Diversity of biodeteriogens and biodeterioration processes.
- Environmental factors affecting biological contamination.
- Biodegradation and biodeterioration.
- Biodeterioration agent’s diversity; technical analysis (microbiological, botanical entomological analysis).
CRCS315Biochemistry for the Cultural Heritage
3 credits
PHO224Introduction to Photography
2 credits
General theoretical training providing for the practical and esthetic achievement of photos by students, according to the needs of their field.
ITL225Italian II
3 credits
CRCS310Petography for the Cultural Heritage
3 credits
Scientific and technical-commercial criteria for the classification of natural stone materials used in Cultural Heritage. Analysis of most common rock-types, focusing on historical stone materials from local country. Petrographic techniques relevant to Cultural Heritage, with examples of current analytical methods; representation of analytical results. Basic elements for the petrographic description of mortars. Types, mechanisms and causes of deterioration of historic and contemporary natural stone materials. Italian and European standards and recommendations concerning the use and conservation of natural stone materials. Petro-archeometric and conservation case studies.
CRCS320Science & Technology of Materials
3 credits
This course aims to provide knowledge on elements of structural chemistry and thermodynamics which are useful for understanding the chemical and physical phenomena of polymeric materials. These bases can be used to improve the choice of materials and interventions to be made in the conservation of cultural heritage.
Holy Spirit University of Kaslik
Tel.: (+961) 9 600 000
Fax : (+961) 9 600 100
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